Prayer

وَأَقِيمُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُوا۟ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَٱرْكَعُوا۟ مَعَ ٱلرَّٰكِعِينَ

— Qur'an 2:43

إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا

 

The second pillar after the Towhid is to offer the Prayer Services. Daily in our Mosques, we conduct 5 prayer services (dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset, and night) for all 7 days a week. In Addition to this, we perform Friday prayers.

Components

Main article: Raka't

Each salah is made up of repeating units or cycles called raka't. The number of raka't for the five daily worships can be found below.

Standing:

 

A Muslim raises his hands to recite Takbiratul-Ihram in prayer.

 

For the first raka'h the prayer is commenced by the saying of the takbir, which is اَللهُ أَكْبَرْ ("allāhu 'akbar", meaning (Allah is most Great). Hands are raised up to the ears or shoulder. Then, both arms are placed on the chest  right hand over on left hand.

It is  stated a supplication praising God such as:

سُبْحَاْنَكَ اَلْلّٰھُمَّ وَبِحَمدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالٰی جَدُّكَ وَلَا اِلٰى غَیْرِكَ
meaning [Glorified be You (Far above You are from anything attributed to You which does not suits Your Majesty and Greatness), All Praise is Yours, Perfect is Your Name, Most High is Your Majesty and Greatness. None has the right to be worshipped but You, The Only One God.]

  • The recitation of the Quran begins by asking refuge with God from the accursed devil by reciting:

أَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّـيْطٰنِ الرَّجِيْمِ

Surah Al-Fatiha is recited.

  • For the first or second rakat only, the recitation of Al-Fatiha is followed with a recitation from any other section from the Quran of choice.

  • The takbir is said again and hands are raised for the next position, bowing or ruku':

  • The palms are placed on the knees. Ideally, fingers are spaced out and the back is erected at an angle at which poured water may not fall from it.

  • Some of many types of remembrances of God are recited for this situation such as سبحان ربى العظيم (Glorified be my God (Far above You are from anything attributed to You which does not suits Your Majesty and Greatness), three times.

Second standing:

  • I'tidal is the standing again after ruku'. The back is straightened and the hands are raised as in takbir as mentioned before while saying سمع الله لمن حمده  meaning ("Allah listens and responds to the one who praises him.")

  • Some of many praises to God are said for this situation such as ربنا لك الحمد ( meaning "O our Lord! And all praise is for You.")

  • The takbir is said for the next position.

Prostration: Sujud

 

Each cycle of prayer contains 2 prostrations. During the prostration:

 

  • The nose and the forehead are placed on the ground along with the knees, palms, and foot fingers and toes.

  • Some of many types of remembrances of God are recited for this situation such as سبحان ربى الأعلى وبحمده ( meaning [Glorified be my God (Far above You are from anything attributed to You which does not suits Your Majesty and Greatness) . The Most High, three times.

  • The takbir is said again while the next position, kneeling, begins.

Sitting: In this stage it is said some words to glorify your Lord between the two prostrations.

Second prostration

  • Second prostrations are done exactly as the first time.

  • The head is raised and the takbir is said again 

  • For every second and last rakat only you would go to the sitting position again. Otherwise, the standing position begins again for the start of a new rakat.

Second sitting:

 Tashahhud and Taslim

  • If this is the second raka'ah, sitting is done as before. If this is not part of the second raka'ah, then the left thigh is leans against the ground and both feet are protruding from the right side with the right foot upright.  The left palm leans on the left knee.

  • The Tashahhud is recited.

  • Greetings on Muhammad, called the aṣ-ṣalātu ʿala -n-nabī are recited.

  • If this is the last raka'ah, the greetings of taslim are said to the right such as السلام عليكم ورحمة الله  meaning ("May Allah grant you peace and security, and may His Mercy be upon you") and then similarly to the left.

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